Knee & Shoulder Injury
Knee and shoulder injuries can be sudden or develop over time. In fact, one of the most common causes of pain in the knee or shoulder are osteoarthritis, tendinitis, or ligament tears.
Knee and Shoulder Injury
Common shoulder injuries are:
- Rotator cuff injury or torn rotator cuff
- AC joint sprain
- Shoulder sprain
- Shoulder strain
- Shoulder fracture
- SLAP tear
- Broken collarbone
- Pinched tendon
- Frozen shoulder
- Separation of the shoulder
- Torn cartilage
- Nerve damage
- Pinched nerve
Common knee injures are:
- Knee sprain
- Knee strain
- Torn ligament
- Torn ACL
- Torn MCL
- Knee fracture
- Torn meniscus
- Torn tendon
- Pinched Nerve
Symptoms will vary, depending on the severity of the injury, and can include:
- Swelling, stiffness and warmth in the injured area
- Weakness or instability
- Popping or crunching noises
- Inability to fully straighten your limb
More severe symptoms include:
- Hearing a popping noise and feeling the joint give out when the injury occurs
- Can’t walk more than four steps without significant pain
- Can’t move the affected joint or limb
- Have pain directly over the bones of an injured joint
- Have numbness in any part of the injured area
Treatment for knee and shoulder injuries can include:
- Wearing a brace, sling or cast: Shoulder injuries may require a cast. Depending on the severity of swelling, an immediate cast can be provided at your walk-in appointment. Knee injuries may require a brace to stabilize the joint, and crutches to avoid putting weight on your injured leg while it heals.
- Medication: May be needed to treat pain and inflammation. The physician may recommend injecting corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid or platelet-rich plasma directly into your joint.
- Physical therapy: Is an effective treatment options for many knee and shoulder injuries, including ACL and MCL injuries and torn meniscus. A physical therapist will teach you how to perform specific exercises and movements.
- Strength training: To make the muscles around your joint more stable. You may need to change your exercise routine from high-impact or pivoting exercises like running or basketball to low-impact exercise like swimming. Losing weight can also help reduce strain on your knees.
- Surgery: Mild knee and shoulder injuries will heal with treatment, while more severe injuries may require surgery. If your injury requires surgery, we can schedule your procedure with one of our surgeons or an affiliated surgeon at any one of a number of area hospitals convenient for you.
- Arthroscopic surgery: repairing the joint damage using a fiber-optic camera and long, narrow tool inserted into small incisions.
- Meniscectomy: trimming meniscus through tiny incisions using an arthroscope. In a total meniscectomy, the entire meniscus is removed. In a partial meniscectomy, the surgeon removes as little of the meniscus as possible. The remaining meniscus edges are smoothed so that there are no frayed ends.
- ACL reconstruction: removing damaged ligaments and grafting segments of tendon taken from other parts of your knee or a deceased donor.
- Partial knee replacement: the damaged portions of the knee are replaced with metal and plastic through small incisions. This is a less invasive option.
- Total knee replacement: Damaged bone and cartilage is cut away from the thighbone, shinbone and kneecaps and is replaced with an artificial joint made from high-grade metal, plastic and polymers.
- Open tendon repair: surgeon works through a larger incision to reattach the damaged tendon in the rotator cuff of the shoulder to the bone. If the torn tendon is too damaged to be reattached to the arm bone, surgeons may decide to use a nearby tendon as a replacement.
- Bone spur removal: If an overgrowth of bone is irritating your rotator cuff, this excess bone can be removed and the damaged portion of the tendon can be smoothed.
- Shoulder replacement: To improve the artificial joint’s stability, the surgeon installs the ball part of the artificial joint onto the shoulder blade and the socket part onto the arm bone.
The Most Common Injuries
Injuries disrupt life. Significant injuries can happen without warning at work, at home or while playing sports.